HTML: Language of the Web

Hello friends, in this article I have covered a brief introduction of HTML it uses, advantages, disadvantages, and objectives. Let me clear that this article is not about the tutorial of HTML it’s just the introduction.

What is the full form of HTML?

The full form of HTML is HyperText Markup Language.


HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a text markup language used to create HTML documents (Web Pages) for the Internet. HTML is a set of logical codes or tags (markup) that are used to define the Web browser how to present the information on the Web page. It can be applied and embedded in the text to add formatting, linking that constitutes the appearance of the Web documents and the information. It is interpreted by the Web browser. The Web browser is software that runs for the Web client (user computer) and it interprets HTML tags to display the contents of the Web page. HTML is platform-independent language. It is not a programming language like C, C++, Java, and BASIC. Basically, it is a set of markup tags that tells the browser how to display the Web page content.
Some popular markup languages are DHTML, SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), XHTML (Extended HTML), XML (Extensible Markup Language) etc.
Tim Berners Lee developed HTML in 1990 at CERN the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1994 September, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was formed and the body, which controls the HTML standards at present.

Uses of HTML

  1. It is used for basic layout creating or designing the Web page.
  2. Without HTML, the World Wide Web will not exist.
  3. It allows embedding text, image, multimedia (audio/ video). and links to other documents and Web pages.
  4. It provides a means to create structured documents by using a paragraph, character formatting, links, and lists.
  5. It can embed scripts such as CSS, JavaScript, which affect the behavior and design of the Web page.

Advantages of using HTML

  1. It is highly flexible and user-friendly.
  2. It is an open technology that supports almost all Web browsers and platforms like MS Windows, Macintosh, UNIX).
  3. It is efficient and reliable. You can create a Web Page in order to advertise and promote products and services.
  4. It is easily understandable and does not require long time training.
  5. Free online tutorials are available to learn HTML.
  6. It is designed with a feature of interaction between Web pages, which makes it effective.
  7. It provides a search engine compatible with the Web pages.
  8. It doesn’t involve overhead on the servers.
  9. For HTML Web pages, it takes less time to load the Web pages.
  10. HTML validation is another important key factor, which increases Web accessibility.
  11. HTML validation is another important key factor, which increases Web accessibility.
  12. There are new features added in HTML 5 such as local storage, offline database, and caching geo-location-integration.

Disadvantages of using HTML

  1. It is complex to design an attractive Web page only by using HTML. So, additional programming and scripting languages are used such as JavaScript, PHP, C#, CSS.
  2. It is difficult to develop a complete Web site by using only HTML. Web development tools like Dreamweaver, FOundation are used.
  3. It cannot be used to develop a dynamic Web page.
  4. It is only a scripting language; it cannot be used as a programming language.
  5. There is no complete acceptable standard for HTML.
  6. There are many incompatibilities of HTML.

Objectives of HTML

Some of the objectives of HTML are:
  1. Create a web page.
  2. Validate a web page.
  3. Publish a web page.
  4. Insert a graphic within a web page.
  5. Create a link within a web page.
  6. Create a table within a web page.
  7. Insert heading levels within a web page.
  8. Insert ordered and unordered lists within a web page.
  9. Use cascading style sheets.
If you are wondering how an HTML document looks here’s an example.
HTML: The Language of the Web (Everything to Know as Introduction) - ComputeNepal

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